Houthi mines still pose the greatest danger to Yemenis, as they claim more victims on a daily basis. During the month of June alone, 44 new victims were killed or wounded in a number of governorates of the country.
During the period from June 1 to 30, 2022, the number of dead, as a result of Houthi mine explosions and unexploded ordnance, reached 17 people, including 13 civilians and two children, in addition to one woman and one government soldier in 9 Yemeni governorates.
While the injuries, for the same period, amounted to 27 cases of varying injuries, of which children had the lion’s share, as 14 children were injured, in addition to 11 civilians, one woman and an engineer working in the field of demining, according to a statistic monitored by the “Yemen Future” media platform.
At the governorate level, Al-Hodeidah governorate (west of Yemen) ranked first with 15 casualties (6 dead and 9 wounded), followed by Saada governorate in second place with 10 victims (1 dead and 10 wounded), then Taiz with 6 victims (4 dead and 2 wounded), and Hajjah With 4 casualties (1 dead and 3 wounded), then Ma’rib with 3 casualties (two dead and one wounded), followed by Sana’a and Al-Jawf (one dead and one wounded) each, then Al-Dhalea governorate with two civilians wounded, and finally Al-Bayda governorate with one death (a woman).
It is noteworthy that during the first two months of the armistice (April and May) 2022, about 46 civilian casualties (20 dead and 26 wounded), including children and women, as a result of Houthi mine explosions, according to human rights monitors.
The mines file is one of the most dangerous files that directly affect the lives of civilians, especially in Hodeidah.
Many human rights institutions and observatories have called on the United Nations, its organizations, its Special Envoy for Yemen, and the governments; By “pressing the Houthis to immediately stop planting more mines”, and to allocate a space to discuss this file during the truce period, and to develop urgent solutions to stop more civilian casualties, but that did not happen.
In addition, the Director of the National Mine Action Program in Yemen, Brigadier General Amin Al-Aqili, warned of the increase in the level of contamination of the country with mines, due to the continuation of the Houthi coup militia in cultivating them and preventing the arrival of clearance and clearance teams in some areas.
In a speech at the meetings of the Individual Mine Ban Convention in Geneva, he explained that “the engineering teams removed, during the years 2020-2021, 3,064 anti-personnel mines, 53,002 anti-armor mines, 177,696 remnants of war, and 4,591 explosive devices planted by the Houthi coup militia in Population areas and roads.
Al-Aqili stressed that the National Mine Action Program needs $48 million to support the work of its teams, calling for an additional five-year extension period until March 2028, regarding the anti-personnel mine ban treaty.
He pointed out that the preparations for the basic survey operations for Yemen were completed in April of the year 2021 AD with the aim of building a base line for Yemen to determine the extent of pollution, as the basic surveys on the ground were started in June of last year.
The Houthi militia, Iran’s arm in Yemen, is the only party on all sides of the war that plants mines and explosive devices of various types and sizes, even internationally prohibited “individuals.”
Human rights reports indicate that the Houthi militia planted more than two million mines, killing and wounding more than 20,000 civilians.
In its recent report to the UN Security Council, the United Nations Group of Eminent International Experts said that “the Houthis’ indiscriminate and systematic use of landmines, particularly along the western coast, poses a continuing threat to the civilian population.”