The Libyan election process witnessed legal obstacles and violations, and its consequences went beyond the polls, which are still closed.
However, three other tracks whose fate is suspended and linked to the faltering political solution plan.
In a complex task, the Adviser to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Stephanie Williams, is trying to revive the transitional phase with an alternative plan, which relies on three tracks within the transitional phase, which are the security, political and economic tracks, based on the Skhirat Agreement, which is the cornerstone of these tracks, the most important tracks, which is the security issue in particular. The unification of the military and security establishment, which has not yet been achieved, in addition to the expulsion of mercenaries and the disbanding of militias, which is an almost impossible task, and this was among the outcomes of the Berlin 1 + 2 conferences, the Forum for Political Dialogue and the Action Plan of the Joint Military Committee 5 + 5.
Failure in the security track will certainly reflect negatively on the “faltering” political track as well. There is no consensus between the Libyan parties, nor a constitution for the country so far, even the chances of holding presidential and parliamentary elections have vanished.
It remains an important path, and it serves as the main driver of the Libyan political forces that depend on “the power of money.” The economic path is based on politics and security within the Libyan Economic Working Group, its tasks focused on unifying the two branches of the Central Bank in Tripoli and Benghazi.
A division that had repercussions on the exchange rate against foreign currencies and caused a liquidity crisis.
Another aspect, which is the mainstay of the Libyan economy, is the oil sector, which was directly affected by security and political disputes, and the crisis escalated to include the Central Bank, which was denied the use of oil export revenues.
Economic division and unfairness in distributing oil revenues to different regions is another problem for settling this path.
The political document of the transitional period clearly defined the causes of the crisis in Libya, but it was not able to obligate its parties to a solution.