The printing on the Kaaba’s garment has been transformed from chalk to the latest devices and tools. The King Abdul Aziz Complex for covering the Kaaba has many sections, including sweetening, dyeing, laboratory, mechanical weaving, embroidering gold, and assembling and replacing the garment.
The printing department in the complex, in which work is carried out with great skill, is considered a masterpiece of art, in which the splendor of workmanship, accuracy of implementation, and the beauty of authentic Arabic calligraphy are reflected in the dress of the Kaaba.
For his part, Head of the Printing Department at the King Abdulaziz Complex for the Covering of the Kaaba, Adel Al-Luqmani, said that the printing department in the complex has taken several qualitative leaps since the establishment of the complex at the hands of King Abdulaziz, by establishing a special house for the manufacture of the covering of the Kaaba in the middle of 1346 AH, then the complex was taken care of. , leading to this prosperous era of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz, and his Crown Prince, Mohammed bin Salman.
This is how the fabric is stretched
Writing with chalk
He explained that the method of printing in the past was by writing verses on paper with chalk, after which the edges of the letters are perforated with a needle, then the writing paper is placed on the black cloth, and a transparent cloth is obtained, containing white powder, and the nap is struck on the paper, so the white powder falls on the cloth through the holes. The modern way to print the verses is on black cloth through “shiblons” known as silkscreen, and the verses are printed in white or yellow ink.
He also explained that the current printing department mechanism is in more detail, as he said: The woven fabric is first prepared; It consists of two opposite sides of solid wood on which a raw “lining” cloth known as the dot is tightened, then a plain black silk cloth is not embossed on it, and it is on which the kiswa belt, the curtain of the door of the Kaaba and all the embroideries are printed. silky;
Calligraphy on the dress of the Kaaba in the modern way
He added that the cublon is a wooden frame of four sides on which a fabric of artificial silk is tightened with small open pores, allowing the passage of liquids, and in order for the cublon to become a printing template, all pores must be closed except for the pores of the lines or drawings required to be printed, by coating the cublon silk with a chemical substance A sensitive film of the characteristic of freezing in the light, and then it is dried in the oven designated for this in the dark, and the design to be printed is transferred on plastic slides with a special pen and in black opaque color, to become a negative film, and then this film is photographed and transferred on cublon silk by exposing them together to light for several minutes. Where the light permeates from all surfaces of the film, to freeze on the surface except for the parts marked in black, and after photographing and washing, the non-freezing material falls from only those specific parts and becomes alone with silk with open pores, and then the cublon becomes a printing template ready to transfer the design on the fabric hundreds of times, and this is done By means of special inks that are prepared in the department, where those inks are dipped through the open pores of the chublon with specific lines or drawings that are required to be printed accurately and consistently after the production of the fabrics.
The stages of making the Kaaba dress
What distinguishes the Kaaba dress?
He added that the most important characteristic of the dress of the Kaaba is the embroidery with silver and gold wires, and this process is carried out by placing cotton threads of different densities over the lines and decorations and known as the filling, with technical observation of how the origins of the embroidery are printed on the stretched fabrics on the weave that forms a “frame” on a surface level. The cloth, then embroidered on top of it with tight threads of yellow cotton, when it will be embroidered with gilded wire, and from white cotton, when it will be embroidered with silver wires in opposite directions and precisely to form the prominent basic structure of the design and letters, then this embroidery is covered with wires of silver plated with gold to form in the end a prominent embroidery doctrine.
As for the fonts written on the kiswa, Al-Luqmani said: They are not fixed, but are subject to change from time to time in order to obtain what is better. Permission is taken to implement them from the General President of the Affairs of the Grand Mosque and the Prophet’s Mosque, Dr. Abdul Rahman Al-Sudais, and then the noble, high station. The designs include decorations and inscriptions embroidered on the belt and the curtain. The line used to cover the Holy Kaaba is the composite thuluth script.